Blood pressure is a force exerted on the walls of blood vessels by the circulating blood. The pressure in the blood is generated by heart pumping the blood into arteries, and is regulated by response of arteries to this blood flow. The blood pressure is expresses as systolic/diastolic, where top number indicates the pressure in the arteries when heart muscles contract and pump blood into them. The bottom number represents the pressure inside arteries when heart muscles relax after contracting. Low blood pressure is also known as hypotension.
For most healthy adults, systolic blood pressure is in the range of 90-120, and diastolic blood pressure is in the range of 60-80 mm Hg. Blood pressure lower than 120/80 is defined as low blood pressure, and 130/80 is considered high blood pressure.
Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure
For some people, low blood pressure is an indication of serious underlying health problem. Some of the most commonly experienced symptoms of low blood pressure are lightheaded or dizziness, nausea, lack of concentration, fainting, rapid or shallow breathing, cold and pale skin, thirst, fatigue and depression.
In most instances, low blood pressure is not serious. If despite the low readings you feel fine, the doctor may just prescribe the routine exams. Occasional lightheadedness or dizziness are also relatively minor problems that can be caused due to mild dehydration. It is however important to keep the record of all your symptoms of low blood pressure when they occur. If you develop fainting along with chest pain, nausea vomiting or numbness/weakness in the body, call the emergency services. These could be the indicators of ongoing heart attack or other dangerous problems with central nervous system.
The first symptom of low blood pressure comes from the most sensitive organ to the blood flow, the brain. Dizziness, lightheaded and loss of balance occur when getting up from a sitting or lying down positions. In severe cases, fainting occurs. Heart is also immediately affected by the low BP. Shortness of breath and chest pain along with palpitations can occur due to rapid heart rate and increased force of beat.
The paleness of the skin is caused as venous system dilates, and pools blood, requiring more blood from the skin. The symptoms of low blood pressure also affect kidney, liver and GI tract gradually. For most of the people, the low blood pressure treatment includes making few diet and lifestyle changes. However, in certain cases, doctor may also prescribe Fludrocortisone or Midodrine for treating low blood pressure. The first thing a person with either low or high blood pressure need to do is to buy the top blood pressure monitor of 2017. And Please don’t buy the cheap models, they are not accurate and also not reliable.
Components And Recommendations Of A High Blood Pressure Diet
High Fiber, Low Fat And Others
A high blood pressure diet is one of the most important things that a person with the condition may do to manage and control it. Doctors often recommend a high blood pressure diet to have more fiber to facilitate better cleaning of the digestive system as well as absorption of fats for better and faster waste elimination. Oats and other fibrous materials are best for those who wish to improve their high blood pressure diet. Other things that one may add to a high blood pressure diet are fruits and vegetables to meet the daily need of the body.
Minimizing the intake of saturated fats, oils and greasy, fatty foods also help to manage and control high blood pressure. A high blood pressure diet is sure not to contain full cream dairy products, instead milk may be skimmed or half and half while cheeses and butter should be taken as little as possible, unless they are low fat with minimal saturated fats. Salty foods should also be avoided as well as foods laden with cholesterol in a high blood pressure diet. Our body produces its own cholesterol which is minimal compared to what we normally eat. This is the reason why it is not necessary to eat much of cholesterol rich foods.
A high blood pressure diet is something that a nutritionist or a doctor may recommend to people who are in dire need of one. Since high blood pressure is not easily noticeable, it is best to have yearly or semi annual check ups with regards to one’s blood pressure if the family has a history of high blood pressure.
Blood Pressure Monitors – How To Choose The Best in UK
Nearly one third of Americans suffer from hypertension (high blood pressure), and many doctors are now asking their patients to track blood pressure data at home via an automatic monitor. Before buying an arm model, make sure it has a cuff that fits your upper arm. Blood pressure monitors can vary in price. That there is such a shallow learning curve associated with the BP786 is a credit to Omron. Each blood pressure monitor on our shortlist is designed to fit the upper arm.
- Most devices fit arms at least 9 to 13 inches in circumference, but about 45 percent of men and 30 percent of women need a different size. “So consider models that fit several sizes,” says Sue Booth, senior test project leader at Consumer Reports. “That will allow multiple people to use the same machine without having to buy an additional cuff.” Some machines include two cuff sizes instead.
- This usually depends on the number of extra features that the digital monitor has, like a built-in memory for example.
- Although, I have to confess, it took me a few goes to figure out how to get the machine to take three consecutive readings and provide an average of the results.
- Wrist cuff monitors are also available, but the physicians we spoke to advised that wrist monitor readings tend to be less accurate.
- The two most popular types of home blood pressure monitors on the market today are (electric and/or battery powered) automatic arm monitors, and automatic wrist monitors.
- All you need to measure your blood pressure correctly is a clinically validated monitor, and a pen and paper to record your readings.
- A design feature I really liked, however, was how easy it is to attach the cuff, which can be done without the assistance of another person.
- It’s important to note that these products should be used in consultation with a qualified medical practitioner.
With an automatic arm monitor, you simply wrap the cuff around your bicep and with the push of one button the cuff inflates and deflates automatically giving you your blood pressure reading on the display window in a matter of seconds. Extra features can be helpful but they are not necessary. However, if you do like to take your blood pressure readings with a friend, then Omron have included a neat “two-player” feature, where you can flick between two different sets of readings with one switch, allowing you to compare your readings with one other person. Your doctor is the one who can make the most sense of how your readings relate to your personal health. Wrist monitors work similarly, except they attach to the wrist. Choose a home blood pressure monitor that you can afford. The device can store up to 100 readings per person.
After spending 20 hours researching more than 50 blood pressure monitors, interviewing medical professionals, and testing 10 finalists with a group of nursing professors and students at the University of Texas Nursing School, we can say the best blood pressure monitor for most people to use at home is the Omron Series 10 with Bluetooth. Wrist monitors are also smaller in size and a bit more comfortable to use than the arm monitors, but they tend to be a little less accurate. Every third adult in America suffers from high blood pressure. Arm monitors come in three different sizes. Not everyone needs a blood pressure monitor, but those with high blood pressure (a third of Americans) or concerns about it will find a blood pressure monitor is a relatively inexpensive investment in their health.
It’s common for blood pressure readings taken at home on any type of monitor to be different from those taken at your doctor’s office. This medical condition is often a precursor to more serious ailments that can permanently damage your heart, brain, eyes, and kidneys. You will need to measure your arm’s circumference halfway between your shoulder and elbow while standing with your arm hanging at your side. Many units keep track of the blood pressure readings of those who use it. If you have a wrist blood pressure monitor, it’s a good idea to take your monitor to a doctor’s appointment.
In order to keep it in check, The American Heart Association (AHA) and other organizations recommend patients measure their blood pressure on a regular basis. A circumference of 18-22cm requires a small cuff, 22-32cm requires a medium cuff, and above 32cm a large cuff. Some models can track and save the readings for several people which is beneficial is more than one person is tracking their blood pressure. Your doctor can then check your blood pressure with both a standard upper arm monitor and a wrist monitor in the correct position in the same arm to check your wrist blood pressure monitor’s accuracy. Luckily, advances in technology are making blood pressure monitors easy to use and well integrated in our day-to-day lives.
Wrist monitors usually only come in one cuff size. With advanced technology being what it is, some blood pressure monitors have the capability to connect to your computer and save the readings there. Here, we are bringing you the best selection of blood pressure monitors available to use at your convenience that are on the market. You would need a USB cable to do this which would normally be provided with the blood pressure monitor that offers this feature.